Inpainting, Outpainting, and Image Refinement in the Unified Canvas | Invoke Studio Sessions

20 Feb 202455:25

TLDRIn this creative session, the focus is on utilizing the unified canvas to address challenges through AI-enhanced editing. The process involves using the canvas to refine details, compose new scenes, and control structural elements with color. Techniques such as image-to-image generation, denoising strength adjustment, and control net usage are discussed, along with strategies for seamless compositing and integrating AI-generated elements with existing workflows. The session also explores potential features like layers and smart selections for future development, emphasizing the evolving nature of AI in creative processes.


  • 🎨 The session focused on using the unified canvas for creative problem-solving and leveraging its unique tools for image editing and composition.
  • πŸ‘€ The presenter encouraged participants to submit their creative challenge ideas for the session and emphasized the importance of considering composition and the right tool for the job.
  • πŸ–ŒοΈ The unified canvas is useful for refining image details, such as adjusting facial features or hand positions in a photo.
  • 🌲 A demonstration was given on creating a scene using the canvas, highlighting the importance of iteration and finding the right balance with denoising strength for image generation.
  • 🎨 The concept of 'image to image' and 'text to image' processes on the canvas was explained, showing how they can be used to control structural elements and color.
  • πŸ–ΌοΈ The session showcased the creation of a base layer for image composition using the canvas and the subsequent refinement through iterations.
  • 🐱 An example of adding an element (a cat) to a scene was given, illustrating the process of using control nets and denoising strength to integrate the element naturally.
  • πŸ”„ The presenter discussed the challenges of seams appearing in images when compositing new elements, and how to approach editing for a more cohesive result.
  • πŸƒ Suggestions from the audience, such as creating tarot cards, were acknowledged, and a demonstration on designing a tarot card was provided.
  • πŸ”§ The potential for future additions to the unified canvas was mentioned, including the possibility of integrating layers and other components for enhanced creative control.
  • πŸ“Œ The session concluded with the presenter addressing questions about brush size adjustment, recalling generation settings, and linking nodes to the unified canvas.

Q & A

  • What is the main focus of the session discussed in the transcript?

    -The main focus of the session is to explore the use of the unified canvas for creative problem-solving, utilizing various tools available on the canvas to gain more control over the editing process.

  • How does the speaker suggest utilizing the unified canvas for editing images?

    -The speaker suggests using the unified canvas for touching up details in images, such as refining poses or facial features, and for composing completely new images by using the brush to paint the composition.

  • What is the significance of the denoising strength setting in the unified canvas?

    -The denoising strength setting controls the level of control over the generation process. A lower setting allows for more variation and change from the base image, while a higher setting results in a more reinterpreted and cinematic image.

  • How does the speaker propose handling the addition of new elements to an image?

    -The speaker proposes creating a base layer or sketch of the new element, then using the unified canvas to generate and refine the element in the context of the existing image, allowing for better control and integration.

  • What is the role of control nets in the unified canvas?

    -Control nets in the unified canvas are used to provide structural guidance for the AI model, allowing for precise control over the generation process, especially when adding or modifying elements within a complex scene.

  • How does the speaker address the issue of seams in images when using the unified canvas?

    -The speaker explains that seams can occur at higher denoising strengths and suggests using a jigsaw puzzle approach, focusing on individual segments of the image and regenerating them to create a more cohesive and seamless final result.

  • What is the speaker's stance on the potential for layers and additional components in the unified canvas?

    -The speaker acknowledges that layers and additional components are being considered for future implementation in the unified canvas. They emphasize that the focus is on making the canvas a tool for AI control and integration with other professional tools like Photoshop or Affinity.

  • How does the speaker view the future integration of AI and creative tools like Photoshop?

    -The speaker believes that the future lies in integration rather than replacement, with AI tools like the unified canvas working alongside traditional creative software to enhance the creative process and provide more targeted and customized outputs.

  • What is the recommended approach for managing smaller details and artifacts in AI-generated images?

    -The speaker recommends using a combination of the unified canvas for targeted generation and traditional editing software like Photoshop or Affinity for fine-tuning and compositing, allowing for the best of both AI and manual editing processes.

  • How does the speaker suggest using the unified canvas for creative projects?

    -The speaker suggests using the unified canvas as a creative partner, utilizing its AI capabilities for targeted generations and then integrating those into a broader creative workflow using other software, emphasizing an iterative and collaborative approach between AI and human creativity.



🎨 Introduction to Unified Canvas for Creative Problem-Solving

The speaker introduces the concept of using the unified canvas as a tool for creative problem-solving. They discuss the importance of composition and the selection of ideas that best suit the capabilities of the unified canvas. The speaker also shares their own ideas for creative challenges and encourages others to submit their suggestions. The focus is on leveraging the unique tools available on the canvas to gain more control over the editing process.


πŸ”„ Iterative Approach to Canvas Editing

The speaker emphasizes the importance of an iterative approach when working with the unified canvas. They discuss the process of refining and improving upon a base image, using the example of enhancing a jungle scene. The speaker also highlights the need to balance denoising strength to achieve the desired level of control and detail in the final image.


πŸ–ŒοΈ Tailored Image-to-Image Tools and Artistic Control

The speaker explores the advantages of tailored image-to-image tools on the canvas, particularly for artists. They explain how these tools allow for greater user input and control, as opposed to generative fill tools that ignore existing content. The speaker also demonstrates how to use the canvas to create a base layer for image-to-image processes, and how to control structural elements of the composition.


🐱 Controlling Composition with Control Nets

The speaker discusses the use of control nets on the canvas for precise manipulation of image elements, using the example of adding a cat to a jungle scene. They explain how control nets can guide the AI in understanding the spatial placement and structure of the new element. The speaker also demonstrates the process of adjusting denoising strength and using control nets to achieve a more cohesive and realistic integration of the new element into the scene.


πŸ”§ Balancing Control and Freedom in Image Generation

The speaker talks about the balance between control and freedom when using the canvas. They explain how adjusting the denoising strength can help achieve the right balance, allowing for significant changes when needed while also giving the AI enough freedom to generate details. The speaker uses the example of refining the cat in the jungle scene to demonstrate this balance, and how it can lead to a more natural and integrated final image.


πŸƒ Expanding Creative Horizons with Unified Canvas

The speaker discusses the potential for expanding the capabilities of the unified canvas, including the addition of layers and other components. They mention the ongoing debate within the team about whether to replace or integrate with existing tools like Photoshop. The speaker emphasizes the importance of understanding the role of AI in the creative process and how the canvas can become a focal point for AI control, rather than a simple plugin for other software.


🌐 Crafting a Tarot Card with the Unified Canvas

The speaker demonstrates the process of creating a tarot card illustration using the unified canvas. They discuss the importance of creating a base layer and using the canvas to refine and add details to the image. The speaker also talks about the potential for using segmentation maps and smart selections to streamline the creative process and create more cohesive and detailed images.


πŸ–ŒοΈ Enhancing Image Details through Iterative Generation

The speaker continues the process of enhancing the tarot card illustration by focusing on specific details such as the globe and the border embellishments. They explain how iterative generation and targeted adjustments can improve the clarity and coherence of the image. The speaker also discusses the benefits of using the canvas in conjunction with other tools like Photoshop for the final composition and refinement of the image.


πŸ”— Integrating AI and Traditional Tools for Creative Workflow

The speaker concludes the session by discussing the role of AI in the creative workflow and how the unified canvas can serve as a partner to traditional tools like Photoshop and Affinity. They talk about the potential for future integrations and the evolution of the AI toolkit to better support creative processes. The speaker also addresses questions about brush size adjustments, recalling generation settings, and the possibility of linking nodes to the canvas.



πŸ’‘Unified Canvas

The Unified Canvas is a creative workspace that allows users to edit and manipulate images using AI-driven tools. It is central to the video's theme as it is the platform where the discussed techniques and ideas are applied. The video demonstrates how to use the Unified Canvas for various image editing tasks, such as adding details, changing compositions, and generating new elements within an image.

πŸ’‘Depth Control Nets

Depth Control Nets are a feature within the AI image editing tools that allow users to control the level of detail and depth in different areas of an image. In the context of the video, they are used to add more control over the editing process, enabling the user to focus on specific areas of an image and adjust the level of detail to achieve a desired effect.

πŸ’‘Denoising Strength

Denoising Strength is a parameter that influences the AI's ability to reinterpret and regenerate areas of an image. A higher denoising strength allows for more significant changes and reinterpretations, while a lower strength results in more subtle adjustments. It is crucial in achieving a balance between maintaining the original image's structure and introducing new elements or details.


Image-to-Image is a process within AI image editing where the AI takes an existing image and generates a new image based on user input or prompts. This process is essential in the video's content as it allows for the creation of new compositions and the addition of elements that were not originally in the image.


Composition refers to the arrangement of elements within an image to create a visually appealing and meaningful whole. In the video, composition is a key concept as it guides the user in deciding where to add or edit elements in the image, ensuring a harmonious and intentional final result.


迭代, or iteration, is the process of repeating a procedure with the aim of improving or refining the outcome. In the context of the video, iteration is used to gradually adjust and enhance the image, whether by adding details, adjusting colors, or refining the structure, until the desired result is achieved.

πŸ’‘Control Net

A Control Net is a tool within AI image editing that provides structural guidance to the AI, helping it understand where different elements should be placed in the image. It is used to ensure that new elements fit seamlessly into the existing image, maintaining the overall composition and structure.

πŸ’‘Out Painting

Out Painting is a technique in AI image editing where the AI fills in empty or selected areas of an image with new content based on the surrounding context. This process helps to extend or complete an image in a way that blends with the original content.


Seams refer to the visible transitions or discontinuities between different parts of an image, especially when new elements are added or images are composited together. In the video, seams are a visual issue that the user aims to minimize or eliminate through careful editing and the use of AI tools.

πŸ’‘Tarot Cards

Tarot Cards are a form of divination cards used for fortune-telling or gaining insight into various aspects of life. In the video, tarot cards serve as a creative challenge and an example of how to use the AI tools to generate and edit complex and symbolic images.


The discussion focuses on using the unified canvas for creative problem-solving and editing processes.

The importance of considering composition and the right tool for the job when thinking about creative ideas is emphasized.

The use of depth control nets for 3D rendering in Blender is mentioned as a part of last week's activities.

The concept of using the brush to paint your composition is introduced, highlighting the control over image-to-image and structural color.

An example is given on how to improve details in an image using the unified canvas, such as fixing facial features and hand positions.

The tutorial discusses the idea of creating something completely new with the unified canvas, rather than just editing existing images.

A demonstration is provided on how to create a base layer for a scene, like a path through a forest, using the unified canvas.

The concept of iteration is discussed as a key mindset for refining and improving the results on the canvas.

The tutorial touches on the use of denoising strength to control the level of reinterpretation in the canvas.

The importance of understanding the architectural differences between AI models, like SD15 and SDXL, and how they affect the denoising strength is highlighted.

The session includes a live example of creating a tarot card illustration using the unified canvas and controlling details through segmentation.

The concept of treating the canvas like a jigsaw puzzle to create more cohesive and seamless images is introduced.

The potential for future integrations and advancements in the unified canvas is discussed, including the possibility of adding layers and components.

The transcript concludes with a summary of the session's key points and an invitation to participate in future tutorials.